Rapid Web-Based Desktop And Mobile Application Development

Over the years, desktop database and spreadsheet tools have enormously contributed to data management due to the ease and user friendliness these applications extend to their audience. Besides benefits, these applications have scalability and functionality limitations that not only results in dozens of different applications and data sources but also adds extra overhead in their maintenance. Due to these issues, organizations are unable to continue their standard practices, leaving mission-critical data at risk. These fragmented systems may also cause loss of business opportunity. Finally, a significant amount of time and resource is required to put these data blocks together to get the desired information. In addition to above, the following points provide some more drawbacks of desktop applications:

Installation of client software, such as Excel or run-time binaries, on every machine.
Lack of data sharing with other applications.
Simultaneous data access inability in spreadsheets.
May not be the part of regular data backup.
Critical and confidential data can easily be moved via email or pocket storage devices.

With the above deficiencies, it is clear that you need a tool that has the capability to cope with these shortfalls and extends the following features:

Central management of data and applications.
No installation of software is required on client machines; the only requirement is a supported browser.
Shared development and application access.
Being central, data and applications become a part of regular backup procedure.
Data and application access control; empowered by audit trail.

If you want to develop and deploy fast and secure professional applications then you must go for a rapid application development (RAD) tool. A RAD tool only requires a web browser and a little programming experience. Besides ease of use and flexibility, RAD tool provides the qualities of an enterprise database, scalability, security, integrity, availability and above all the web development experience.

With a RAD tool you can develop any application through an easy declarative development process. However, you can use HTML and CSS to extend the presentation of your client interfaces and add your own code to supply additional logical operations. With such tools, you can build applications that report on database data. Create hyper text linked reports to easily link to other reports, charts, and data entry forms. Charts have built-in drill-down functionality, so that a user can get more detailed information on any of the sections of the chart with a simple mouse click. You can effectively communicate data using the charting engine by presenting SQL queries graphically. Use declarative form controls including shuttles, text editors, date pickers, checkboxes, radio groups, and select lists to manipulate data. Easily and instantly build opportunistic and departmental database applications with the help of simple wizards. This makes RAD tools a natural replacement for multi-user desktop database applications and allows creation of highly professional, secure, and scalable applications without scripting languages and complex frameworks.

Foreign-Priority Trademark Applications and Their Benefits

As a member to a number of international agreements, the United States has assumed certain obligations regarding foreign trademarks. There are two bases for filing a US trademark application relying on a foreign trademark: those relying on foreign trademark applications under §44(d) of the Lanham Act and those relying on foreign trademark registrations under §44(d).

What are the eligibility requirements for non-US applicants?

To obtain a priority filing date under §44(d), the applicant’s country of origin must be a treaty country, but the foreign application does not have to be filed in the applicant’s country origin.

On the other hand, to obtain a registration under §44(e), the applicant must be the owner of a valid registration from the country of origin. The country of origin is the country in which there is a bona fide and effective industrial presence or commercial establishment, or in which the applicant is domiciled or is a national.

The owner’s activities and corporate structure in another country are thus important. Showing that there are production facilities, business offices, and personnel in a country can help prove that a country is the applicant’s country of origin. Neither a wholly-owned foreign subsidiary nor the sale of goods or services outside the US through foreign licensees will necessary establish a country of origin.

What are the eligibility requirements for US registrations?

An applicant domiciled in the US may claim priority under §44(d) based on the ownership of an application in a treaty country even if that treaty country is not the country of origin, as long as it also asserts an in-use or an intent-to-use basis for registration. However, an applicant domiciled in the US cannot obtain a registration under §44(e) unless, like above, it is the owner of a registration from a foreign country and can establish that foreign country is its country of origin.

What are the formal and time requirements?

Under §44(d), an eligible applicant seeking a priority date for its US trademark application can use the filing date of its first-filed foreign application if the priority claim is made within 6 months of the foreign application. The applicant can either make the priority claim at the time the US application is filed, or it can submit the priority claim afterward, as long as the priority claim itself is made within 6 months of the foreign application’s filing date.

Section 44(d) relates to foreign applications, not registrations?

Yes and no. If a foreign registration has not yet issued in a foreign application for which priority is claimed under §44(d), the USPTO will suspend publication of the US application until it receives a copy of the foreign registration.

What if I missed the 6-month deadline but my foreign application did mature into a registration?

§44(e) allows a US application to be based on a foreign registration after the 6-month deadline has passed, but it does not allow priority to be claimed. Instead, the benefit of basing the application on the foreign registration is that you only have to allege use of the trademark in the US – you don’t actually have to show it. Until use, however, there is no basis for enforcement of the registration.